In vitro fertilization

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is a PMA technique, which consists of the union of the female and male gametes in the laboratory. The ova are placed together with the spermatozoa in suitable culture media, and fertilization occurs spontaneously.

This technique was initially used in women with obstructed tubes (tubal factor) but is currently applied in many other cases (mild male factor, endometriosis, cervical factor and infertility without apparent cause).